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Canada constitution and commonwealth


shalab
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Just clarifying how things work in Canada as I don't know enough.

 

Does the queen of England have power to dismiss governments? Canada is still in the commonwealth.

 

Also - does Canada have US equivalent of "bill of rights" or constitutional rights for every citizen?

 

thanks in advance!

shalab

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The Queen (via the GG) dismisses parliament.

In practice the existing PM has a discussion with the GG, and parliament is suspended - either for summer recess, or a general election in which to determine the next PM. It is so that MP's can return to their ridings, and consult with us the 'people'.

 

Canada has the Charter of Rights and Freedoms,

to which any province can add additional rights for citizens of their province (ie: Quebec French Language Laws). All rights can be over ridden with the 'non-withstanding' clause, but it requires an extra-ordinary action; and competes against a large army of very muscular institutional opposition (ie: Ontario use on the Toronto City Council)

 

The underlying theme is that the Fed sets the base level, which Provinces and Municipalities can customize (if they so choose) to fit their communities. Hence a person living in Whitehorse, or Tuk, has the same rights as everyone else - but it may 'feel' different.

 

SD

 

 

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Thank you!

 

The Queen (via the GG) dismisses parliament.

In practice the existing PM has a discussion with the GG, and parliament is suspended - either for summer recess, or a general election in which to determine the next PM. It is so that MP's can return to their ridings, and consult with us the 'people'.

 

Canada has the Charter of Rights and Freedoms,

to which any province can add additional rights for citizens of their province (ie: Quebec French Language Laws). All rights can be over ridden with the 'non-withstanding' clause, but it requires an extra-ordinary action; and competes against a large army of very muscular institutional opposition (ie: Ontario use on the Toronto City Council)

 

The underlying theme is that the Fed sets the base level, which Provinces and Municipalities can customize (if they so choose) to fit their communities. Hence a person living in Whitehorse, or Tuk, has the same rights as everyone else - but it may 'feel' different.

 

SD

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